Sustainability in the Italian viticulture.
The Italian Ministry for the Environment, Department for Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Energy, launched a National pilot project in July 2011 in order to evaluate the wine-sector sustainability performance, based on Water & Carbon Footprint calculation, with the participation of:
some major Italian wineries, selected on a geographic and product basis (F.lli Gancia & Co, Masi Agricola, Marchesi Antinori, Mastroberardino, Michele Chiarlo, Montevibiano Vecchio, Planeta, Tasca d'Almerita and Venica&Venica);
Agroinnova, Centre of Competence, University of Torino;
Opera, Research Centre in Sustainable Agriculture, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza;
Biomass Research Centre, University of Perugia.
Companies voluntary commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are playing an increasingly significant role for the strengthening of government policies under the Kyoto Protocol and the "Climate-Energy Package" adopted by the European Union Council in 2008. The Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea supports these commitments since several years in order to promote both emissions reduction and the diffusion of sustainable models of production and consumption.
The wine sector is of paramount importance in the Italian economy and is fed by environment primary inputs, such as soil and water resources, while contributing to energy resources demand. Moreover, the wine production is considered as one of the best identified component of our "culture" of rural environment and agricultural landscape management and protection, associated to food safety and consumer's health.