A blend of four varieties of white grapes grown in the high hills, at an altitude up to 900 metres above sea level. A wine that is amazing for its aromatic intensity, acidity, freshness, and that over the years has come to represent a “type” all its own.
This international, aromatic variety is known and planted all over the world. Leaves are medium-sized, deeply toothed and trilobate, while bunches are small and dense. The medium-sized, thin-skinned berries are averagely pruinous, and take on a golden yellow colour when ripe.
This aromatic variety does not adapt well to new territories, and prefers cool, mountain conditions. It has trilobate leaves with soft, barely toothed edges. The clusters are small, conical and fairly compact. Berries are round and pale-coloured, tending towards orange, with thin skins and only a light bloom.
A white variety widespread in Sicily, where it's also known as Bianco Alcamo. There are two main clones: common white or Latin Catarratto ('bianco comune'), and shiny white Catarratto ('bianco lustro'). The bunches are pyramidical in shape, conic-cylindric, varying in density from loose-packed to compact. The grey-yellow berry is medium-sized, its skin almost without bloom. It's considered a high-yield variety, capabale of producing 12 kilos or more of grapes per vine. It's resistant to Peronospora, but susceptible to viral diseases. Catarratto is one of the main ingredients of Marsala, hence its diffusion especially in the west of Sicily between the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century.